Kolkata, known for its rich culture, food, literature and people, has a rich historical heritage as well. Being the capital city of British India, it has an old world charm with enthralling historical places that are worth a visit. If you are someone who has an interest in history and literature, you are sure to have a great time exploring these places. Read on to know the historical attractions in Kolkata that give a glimpse of the city’s rich history and culture:
1-Victoria Memorial: Located in the heart of the city, this is one of the most popular monuments of Kolkata. It was built in the memory of Queen Victoria when she completed 25 years of rule in India. There is a sixteen-foot tall statue mounted at the top of the memorial that adds appeal and grandeur to this iconic structure. It is known for its exemplary architecture which is worth admiring. It is surrounded by over 57 acres of land and houses more than 20 thousand artefacts and 4000 artistic paintings. The well-maintained and lush green gardens outside the memorial have many sculptures and statues. Come here in the evening when the place is beautifully lit with glittering lights and looks absolutely breathtaking.
2-Belur Math: Established by Swami Vivekanand, this pilgrimage site is the headquarters of the Ramakrishna Math. It is spread over 40 acres of land and is popular for its stunning architecture. Come here and marvel at the interiors of the temple where you will see a fusion of Christian, Hindu and Islamic motifs in the architectural styles, beautifully showcasing the unity of all religions. The balconies and windows have influence from Mughal and Rajput styles of architecture. If you are here during traditional Hindu festivals, you’ll see the place decorated to celebrate the various festivals. Cultural and spiritual activities are also organised here often.
3-Marble Palace: Built in the 19th century, this palatial mansion speaks volumes about the rich architecture. The alluring beauty of it makes it one of the most visited historical places in Kolkata. There are intricate carvings of the walls of the palace and it is surrounded by picturesque gardens where one can spend a lovely evening. There is also a pristine lake in the compound of the palace.
This palace boasts an impressive collection of masterpieces which include striking paintings by renowned international artists, elegant glassware and artistic statues that are a delight to watch.
4- Howrah Bridge: The list of the best historical places in Kolkata is incomplete without mentioning this iconic structure. The renowned structure is 1500 feet long and about 71 feet wide, with over 8 lanes of roads for vehicles and pedestrians. Constructed over River Hooghly, this steel bridge is among the longest cantilever bridges in the world. It was made by the British rulers to ease trade by connecting two parts of the city. An interesting fact about this unique bridge is that it has been built without using a single nut and bolt. Visit it at night when it is beautifully lit and offers scenic views of the city. You’ll also find some of the best restaurants and wedding hotels of Kolkata in the vicinity of this iconic structure.
Planning to explore Kolkata already? Do add these historical places to your itinerary and witness the charm of the bygone era.